PLEASE FOLLOW THE INSTRUCTIONS AS INDICATED BELOW: 1). ZERO (0) PLAGIARISM 2). ATLEAST 5 REFERENCES, NO MORE THAN 5 YEARS 3). PLEASE SEE THE ATTACHMENT FOR RUBRIC DETAILS. 4). Please review and follow the grading rubric details well, and include each component in the assignment as required. Also, follow the APA writing rules and style, introduction, conclusion. Psychological disorders, such as depression, bipolar, and anxiety disorders can present several complications for patients of all ages. These disorders affect patients physically and emotionally, potentially impacting judgment, school and/or job performance, and relationships with family and friends. Since these disorders have many drastic effects on patients lives, it is important for advanced practice nurses to effectively manage patient care. With patient factors and medical history in mind, it is the advanced practice nurses responsibility to ensure the safe and effective diagnosis, treatment, and education of patients with psychological disorders. For this Discussion, you will select an interactive media piece to practice decision making when treating patients with psychological disorders. You will recommend the most effective pharmacotherapeutic to treat the psychological disorder presented and examine potential impacts of pharmacotherapeutics on a patients pathophysiology. To Prepare Review this weeks interactive media pieces and select one to focus on for this Discussion. Reflect on the decision steps in the interactive media pieces, and consider the potential impacts from the administration of the associated pharmacotherapeutics on the patients pathophysiology. Post a brief explanation of the psychological disorder presented and the decision steps you applied in completing the interactive media piece for the psychological disorder you selected. Then, explain how the administration of the associated pharmacotherapeutics you recommended may impact the patients pathophysiology. How might these potential impacts inform how you would suggest treatment plans for this patient? Be specific and provide examples. Adult/Geriatric Depression Hispanic Male With MDD BACKGROUND INFORMATION The client is a 70-year-old Hispanic American male who came to the United States when he was in high school with his father. His mother died back in Mexico when he was in school. He presents today to your office for an initial appointment for complaints of depression. The client was referred by his PCP after routine medical work-up to rule out an organic basis for his depression. He has no other health issues with the exception of some occasional back pain and stiff shoulders which he attributes to his current work as a laborer in a warehouse. SUBJECTIVE During todays clinical interview, client reports that he always felt like an outsider as he was teased a lot for being black in high school. States that he had few friends, and basically kept to himself. He describes his home life as good. Stating Dad did what he could for us, there were 8 of us. He also reports a remarkably diminished interest in engaging in usual activities, states that he has gained 15 pounds in the last 2 months. He is also troubled with insomnia which began about 6 months ago, but have been progressively getting worse. He does report poor concentration which he reports is getting in trouble at work. MENTAL STATUS EXAM The client is alert, oriented to person, place, time, and event. He is casually dressed. Speech is clear, but soft. He does not readily make eye contact, but when he does, it is only for a few moments. He is endorsing feelings of depression. Affect is somewhat constricted, but improves as the clinical interview progresses. He denies visual or auditory hallucinations, no overt delusional or paranoid thought processes readily apparent. Judgment and insight appear grossly intact. He is currently denying suicidal or homicidal ideation. You administer the Montgomery- Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) and obtained a score of 51 (indicating severe depression). RESOURCES § Montgomery, S. A., & Asberg, M. (1979). A new depression scale designed to be sensitive to change. British Journal of Psychiatry, 134, 382-389. Decision Point One Select what you should do: Begin zoloft 25 mg orally dailyBegin Effexor XR 37.5 mg orally dailyBegin Phenelzine 15 mg orally TID. (There are three different medications above; Zoloft, Effexor, and Phenelzine. Choose Zoloft 25mg for me and follow the Decision Points one, two, and three as indicated). Decision Point One Begin zoloft 25 mg orally daily RESULTS OF DECISION POINT ONE Client returns to clinic in four weeks Reports a 25% decrease in symptoms Client is concerned over the new onset of erectile dysfunction Decision Point One Begin Effexor XR 37.5 mg orally daily RESULTS OF DECISION POINT ONE Client returns to clinic in four weeks Client reports that there is no change in depressive symptoms at all Decision Point One Begin Phenelzine 15 mg orally TID RESULTS OF DECISION POINT ONE Client returns to clinic in four weeks Client reports that he was rushed to the Emergency Room 2 weeks ago after collapsing at the warehouse where he works. He was taken by ambulance to the local community hospital. He was diagnosed with postural hypotension Client was treated with fluid bolus and told to stop taking his phenelzine and to follow up with his primary care provider within one week, and you within that same time frame Decision Point Two Select what you should do next: Restart Phenelzine and counsel client on dietary choices and importance of hydrationPhenelzine is not reinitiated. Instead, we began therapy with Lexapro 20 mg orally daily after an appropriate wash out period (5 half-lives).Re-start Phenelzine 7.5 mg orally TID Decision Point Two Restart Phenelzine and counsel client on dietary choices and importance of hydration RESULTS OF DECISION POINT TWO Client reports that although he had no more episodes of passing out, he has been dizzy when he gets up at night to use the bathroom Client also reports that at various times throughout the day when he goes from a sitting to a standing position, he feels light-headed Decision Point Two Re-start Phenelzine 7.5 mg orally TID RESULTS OF DECISION POINT TWO Client returns to clinic in four weeks Client reported that he still has a little dizziness Client also reports that that his depression has improved greatly (a 35% decrease in MADR scale from 51 to 33) Decision Point Three Select what you should do next: Continue current drug dose and counsel client on dietary modifications and orthostatic hypotension safetyAugment with Lexapro 10 mg orally dailyIncrease dose of Phenelzine back to 15 mg orally TID now that the client is tolerating lower dose Decision Point Three Continue current drug dose and counsel client on dietary modifications and orthostatic hypotension safety Guidance to Student The initiation of an SSRI or SNRI should not begin until an adequate wash out period of MAOI- this is generally defined as the time it takes for 5 half-lives of the drug to be metabolized. Co-administration of SSRI, SNRI, or TCA with MAOI is contraindicated as it can cause serotonin syndrome and can actually be fatal. You can continue the current dose and counsel client as to dietary modifications as well as orthostatic hypotension safety, however, it should be remembered that he works in a warehouse and may be at risk for falls/injury due to orthostatic hypotension. A watch and wait approach may be appropriate if the client has failed all other antidepressants. Increasing the dose back to 15 mg orally TID is not indicated as his orthostatic hypotension will likely worsen. “PLEASE LET ME KNOW IF YOU NEED ANY CLARIFICATION”.